Around 80% of the world's power still comes from burning fossil fuels and the use of fossil fuels is likely to continue for the foreseeable future.
Over the next few decades making better use of energy resources will be just as important as finding alternative sources of supply.
Nuclear fusion has the potential to offer an almost limitless source of energy with minimal environmental impact.
Nuclear fission currently provides 20% of UK electricity and is widely seen as a key part of the "trinity" of future fuel options for the UK, alongside renewables and clean coal.
Having an energy infrastructure that is fit for purpose is of fundamental importance to the UK's low carbon future and achieving the Government's 2050 targets for reducing the UK's CO2 emissions.
Renewable energy technologies are those that generate electricity from resources that are not depleted as a consequence of being accessed.
Policy developments are vitally important to developing a low carbon future.
Sustainable energy vectors are energy carriers that are renewable and that could be used to replace current fossil energy carriers (Coal, Oil and Gas). Examples of sustainable vectors are hydrogen, ethanol, formic acid, ammonia.